The climate here is not the best for tulips although a few seem to thrive.
15 years ago I planted 6 red ones (name forgotten long ago) in a bed and they have been there ever since - and increased a little too. And they have changed colour.
I can't remember for sure but think the red ones with black eyes are the same as the original stock, but some have lost their black eye and some has gotten yellow spots!
I also planted some "wild" types like Tulipa batalinii and T. humilis in a dry place (well, dry to be here!). They still come up, some years more and some years less flowers.
Tulipa batalinii? keeps up with the weedy Euphorbia.
Tulipa humilis? in a dry place and in the "lawn" which in early spring is covered with crocuses and spring bulbs. Later weedy species like cuckoo flowers, speedwells and dandelions compete with some tulips!